The Link between Vitamin Deficiencies and Migraine Headaches

Migraine headaches are a prevalent neurological disorder that affects millions of people worldwide. They can cause severe and debilitating pain, as well as other symptoms such as sensitivity to light and sound, nausea, and vomiting. Research suggests that vitamin deficiencies may affect their development and severity.

Vitamins play a crucial role in many bodily processes, including energy production, immune function, and nerve function. Not getting enough of these vital nutrients can lead to deficiencies that can cause a range of health problems.

By understanding the link between vitamin deficiencies and migraines, we can take steps to prevent and manage this debilitating condition. This article will explore three essential vitamins commonly associated with migraines and how to ensure adequate intake of these vital nutrients.

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)

Vitamin B2, also known as riboflavin, is essential for energy production and metabolism. Studies have found that individuals with migraines often have lower levels of vitamin B2 in their blood. This deficiency may be due to poor dietary intake or impaired absorption.

Research shows that supplementing with vitamin B2 can reduce the frequency and intensity of migraines. In one study, participants who took 400 mg of riboflavin per day for three months experienced a significant decrease in the number and duration of migraines.

Foods rich in vitamin B2 include dairy products, eggs, lean meats, leafy greens, and whole grains. If you are experiencing migraines, it may be beneficial to increase your intake of these foods or consider taking a riboflavin supplement.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D maintains bone health and immune function. It also regulates neurotransmitters, including serotonin, which can impact mood and pain perception. Studies have found that individuals with migraines are more likely to have low vitamin D levels.

In one study, participants who received a high dose of vitamin D (50,000 IU) per week for 12 weeks experienced a significant reduction in the frequency and severity of migraines. Another study found that individuals who took a daily vitamin D supplement (1,000 IU) for six months had fewer migraines compared to those who did not supplement.

Foods rich in vitamin D are egg yolks, fatty fish, and fortified foods such as cereal and milk. However, getting enough vitamin D through diet alone can be challenging, especially during the winter months when sun exposure is limited. Consider getting your vitamin D levels tested and discussing supplementation with your healthcare provider.


Magnesium helps blood sugar regulation and energy production. It is also involved in regulating neurotransmitters, which can impact mood and pain perception. Research has shown that individuals with migraines may have lower levels of magnesium in their blood, which can contribute to the development and severity of these headaches.

Leafy greens, nuts, seeds, and whole grains are all magnesium-rich foods. However, it can be challenging to get enough magnesium through diet alone, especially if you have a digestive disorder that impairs absorption. Consider discussing magnesium supplementation with your healthcare provider.

It is important to note that taking too much magnesium can have adverse effects, such as diarrhea, nausea, and abdominal cramping. Therefore, it is essential to discuss magnesium supplementation with your healthcare provider to determine the appropriate dosage safe for you to take.


Vitamin deficiencies may contribute to the development and severity of migraines. Vitamin B2, vitamin D, and magnesium are three essential nutrients that have been shown to reduce the frequency and severity of migraines. However, consulting with your healthcare provider before starting any new supplements is crucial. Additionally, it is important to maintain a healthy and balanced diet to ensure adequate intake of all essential vitamins and minerals.

If you need vitamins, check out Better Health International. We are your trusted local vitamin, supplement, and natural product store in Sarasota, Florida. Our local warehouse has thousands of products available for pick up, so you don't pay shipping. Shop now!

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